PM Narendra Modi Turns 70

 

PM Narendra Modi Turns 70

Narendra Damodardas Modi, born 17 September 1950 turns 70 today,  is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India Because 2014. He had been the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a part of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and also the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation. He is the first prime minister out of the Indian National Congress to acquire two successive terms with a full majority and the second to complete more than five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.




Born to some Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea for a child, and it has said he later ran his own booth. He was introduced into the RSS at age eight, beginning a long association with the organisation. Modi left house after completing high-school in part because of child marriage to Jashodaben Chimanlal Modi, which he abandoned and publicly acknowledged only many decades later. Modi travelled around India for two years and visited lots of spiritual centres before returning to Gujarat. In 1971 he became a full-time worker for its RSS. Throughout the country of crisis imposed across the country in 1975, Modi has been forced to go into hiding. The RSS assigned him to the BJP in 1985 and he held several positions within the party hierarchy until 2001, rising to the rank of secretary.

As a young child, Modi helped his father sell tea in the Vadnagar railroad station, also stated that he later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus. Modi finished his higher secondary schooling in Vadnagar in 1967, where a teacher described him as an average student and a keen debater, together with curiosity about theatre. Modi had an early gift for rhetoric in debates, along with his teachers and students noted this. Modi preferred playing characters that are mythical in theatrical productions, that has influenced his political picture.


After eight years old, Modi discovered the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and started attending its local shakhas (training sessions). There, Modi fulfilled Lakshmanrao Inamdar, popularly known as Vakil Saheb, who inducted him as a balswayamsevak (junior cadet) from the RSS and turned into his political mentor. While Modi was training with the RSS, he also fulfilled Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, Bharatiya Jana Sangh leaders who were founding members of the BJP's Gujarat unit in 1980.

Also in Narendra Modi's childhood, in a habit traditional to his caste, his family organized a betrothal into some girl, Jashodaben Chimanlal Modi, leading to their union when they were teens Sometime afterwards, he left the further marital obligations implicit from the custom, and left home, the few going on to lead different lives, neither marrying again, and the marriage itself remaining unmentioned in Modi's public pronouncements for many decades. In April 2014, soon before the national elections that swept him to power, Modi publicly affirmed that he was married and his partner was Jashodaben; the bunch has stayed married, but estranged.

In the early summer of 1968, Modi attained the Belur Math but was turned away, after which Modi wandered through Calcutta, West Bengal and Assam, stopping in Siliguri and Guwahati.Modi then went to the Ramakrishna Ashram in Almora, where he was rejected, before traveling back to Gujarat through Delhi and Rajasthan in 1968--69. Sometime in late 1969 or early 1970, Modi returned to Vadnagar for a short visit before leaving for Ahmedabad.There, Modi lived with his uncle, working in the latter's canteen in the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.

In Ahmedabad, Modi renewed his acquaintance with Inamdar, that was based at the Hedgewar Bhavan (RSS headquarters) in the city. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, he stopped working for his uncle and turned into a fulltime pracharak (campaigner) for its RSS, working under Inamdar. Shortly before the war, Modi took part in a non-violent protest against the Indian government in New Delhi, for which he was arrested; this was cited as a reason for Inamdar electing to mentor him. Several decades later Modi could co-author a biography of Inamdar, printed in 2001.


                   

In 1978 Modi obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in School of Open Learning[53] in University of Delhi, graduating with a third class. Five Decades later, in 1983, he obtained a Master of Arts diploma in political science in Gujarat University, graduating with a first class as an external space learning student

Modi was appointed Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2001 because of Keshubhai Patel's failing health and poor public image after the earthquake in Bhuj. Modi was elected to the legislative assembly soon after. His administration has been considered complicit in the 2002 Gujarat riots, or otherwise criticised for its handling of it. A Supreme Court-appointed Special Investigation Team found no proof to commence prosecution proceedings against Modi personally. His policies as chief minister, credited with encouraging economic development, have received compliments. His administration was criticised for failing to significantly improve poverty, health and education indices in the nation.

Modi headed the BJP in the 2014 overall election that gave the party a majority in the Indian lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, the first time for any single party since 1984. Modi's government has attempted to raise foreign direct investment in the Indian market and decreased spending on health care and social welfare programmes. Modi has tried to boost efficiency in the bureaucracy; he's centralised power by abolishing the Planning Commission. He began a high-profile sanitation effort , initiated a contentious demonetisation of high-denomination banknotes and weakened or abolished environmental and labor laws.

After his party's success in the 2019 general election, his administration revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. His administration also introduced the Citizenship Amendment Act, which resulted in widespread protests across the country. Described as engineering a political realignment towards right-wing politics, Modi remains a figure of controversy domestically and internationally within his Hindu nationalist beliefs and his alleged role during the 2002 Gujarat riots, cited as signs of an exclusionary social agenda.

Taking to Twitter, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi wanted the Prime Minister on his birthday. "Wishing PM Narendra Modi ji a happy birthday".

PM Modi, as per reports, does not have any particular plans for elaborate parties. During this week-long bash from September 14 to 20, the party's national President down to the level of a normal cadre in a gram panchayat has been participated in celebrating PM Modi's birthday at distinctive ways.

Even in smaller countries like Goa, the BJP's weeklong initiative was not lacking either in fervour or in presence. For example, Alina Saldanha, the MLA from Cortalim constituency, lately distributed pulse oximeter, sanitizers and face guards to schools in her constituency.

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